Kevin Fuller, Security Consulting Department Manager, Burns & McDonnell
Balance is an important concept to keep in mind for a well-designed cybersecurity program. Just as a healthy diet requires a balance of fruits, vegetables, proteins, carbohydrates and other necessities, a healthy cybersecurity program requires similar equilibrium.
Over the years, I have had the opportunity to work with hundreds of companies across many industries and of varying size. It is amazing to see the number of companies that rely too heavily on cybersecurity products in their security programs. They are continuously searching for a silver bullet that will solve all of their problems and make their concerns disappear. While technological products are important, the reality is that a healthy cybersecurity program requires a balance of people, processes and technology to be truly effective.
Any security professional who is a technician at heart enjoys tinkering with a new, shiny toy. Even newcomers to the industry quickly see there is no shortage of new tools to test drive. By somecounts there are more than 1,200 technology vendors playing in the cybersecurity market. Despite the target-rich environment, security teams should be leery of chasing the latest and greatest tools until they have assessed the real need for the added capabilities.
By balancing people, process and technology, an organization can see that that it is purchasing the right tools at the right time
Purchasing the latest and greatest tool, and then investing in the labor to install and configure the components, does nothing to help the organization achieve security objectives. This approach lacks the ability to capitalize on the results. In fact, a track record of not operationalizing new purchases will work against security leaders because new requests will be seen as more “shelfware.” All leaders in an organization, including security leaders, have a responsibility to be fiscally responsible with purchases.
By balancing people, process and technology, an organization can see that that it is purchasing the right tools at the right time. People are trained on the new capabilities, and processes are established to operationalize their use. The results of the new investment can be captured in Key Process Indicators (KPIs) to show real business value every time.
There are three other key facets of a healthy cybersecurity program that must be balanced: risk tolerance, affordability, and continuous improvement. These are the real driving forces behind a security program’s progression up the maturity scale. These facets are important because they will dictate how to focus your people, processes and technology investments.
An organization that chooses to accept greater risk of an incident is likely to invest less in its cybersecurity program. Major changes won’t come often, so a greater focus on incremental, continuous improvement is the best means for improving a program’s maturity. Conversely, organizations with very low risk tolerance must be willing to invest more in people, processes and technology based on where they are in the program lifecycle. This enables larger jumps up the maturity scale. There is less focus on incremental, continuous improvement because the security teams are pressed to reduce risk at all cost.
There is no silver bullet in the world of cybersecurity, and anyone who tries to sell you one is painfully unaware of the complexities of modern business. A healthy cybersecurity program demands a balance among effective use of people, solid processes to operationalize capabilities, and the right technologies to enable organizations to protect themselves. Failure to achieve balance will result in a program that will eventually falter. Due diligence by security leaders throughout the program lifecycle will be well worth the time invested.